A Primer on STDs

August 3rd, 2014

What are STDs?
They are infectious diseases that are transmitted by sexual contact. Formerly it was called venereal diseases and are now called Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs).

The E.T.S. are more common in young, sexually active people. Adolescents are at increased risk of exposure to ETS Infection with human papillomavirus (HPV) is growing at a very fast pace.

What are the most common?
In men the most common are:

Urethritis: Gonococcal and nongonococcal
Human Papillomavirus (HPV), genital warts
Genital herpes
Chancroid (soft chancre)
lymphogranuloma venereum
pubic lice
The most serious is AIDS

What symptoms occur?
Symptoms depend on the disease, so there symtoms.

In urethritis an intense burning when urinating and sometimes out of secretions from the urethra (tip of the penis) occurs. In men, it is the E.T.S. more frequent.

Syphilis, chancroid and lymphogranuloma venereum produce sores that appear on the penis, especially the glans or skin. You can later appear enlarged lymph groin. You may want to get Los Angeles, CA Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) testing centers

Genital herpes (Herpes Virus simple) initially presents with multiple painful blisters that later ulcerate and form crusts. Produce local pain, itching and sometimes fever and muscle pain. They appear in the glans, prepuce and penis skin. It can spread to the lymph nodes in the groin.

Infection by the human papilloma virus (HPV), may have no clinical signs or may cause cauliflower-shaped warts on penis foreskin or skin. The most common clinical form is called condyloma acuminata. Papillomavirus infection may favor the development of genital cancer.

Acute epididymitis produces an enlarged epididymis and testis accompanied by swelling, pain and sometimes fever.

Pubic lice is produced by lice species “phtirus pubis”, popularly called crabs.

What is Human Papillomavirus (HPV)?
Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) is a common virus. There are more than 40 HPV types that can be transmitted by sexual contact. This virus can infect the genital areas, including the skin of the penis, scrotum and anus. They can also infect the mouth and throat.

HPV is transmitted through genital contact, especially vaginal or anal sex. Condoms or condoms can reduce the likelihood of transmitting HPV but should be used from the start of intercourse and HPV can infect the skin areas not covered by the condom. It can also be transmitted with oral sex.


What problems can occur HPV in men?
Most people who become infected with HPV have no symptoms. Because HPV usually causes no symptoms, most men and women can contract and spread the virus unknowingly. In fact, immunity can eliminate the virus itself.

However, some types of HPV (HPV types 6 and 11) can cause genital warts. Other types can cause penile cancer, anal cancer and oro-pharyngeal cancer, but it is very unlikely. Types 16 and 18 are very worrying because they can cause cervical cancer in women.

The types of HPV that cause genital warts (types 6 and 11) are not the same that cause cancers (mainly types 16 and 18).

Genital warts can appear on the penis, the skin covering the testicles (scrotum), groin, thighs or anus and surrounding areas. They can be single or multiple and usually painless. These warts can be flat, raised, or as cauliflower (genital warts). Weeks or months after sexual intercourse with an infected person may appear.